Ratio of Debt to Income

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine the most you can pay monthly after your other recurring debts have been paid.


Understanding the qualifying ratio

In general, underwriting for conventional mortgages requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

In these ratios, the first number is the percentage of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including hazard insurance, homeowners' dues, PMI - everything that makes up the full payment.

The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes auto payments, child support and credit card payments.

Some example data:

A 28/36 ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .28 = $1,820 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .36 = $2,340 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .29 = $1,885 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .41 = $2,665 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses


If you want to run your own numbers, we offer a Mortgage Loan Pre-Qualifying Calculator.

Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you determine how much you can afford. At Graves Owens Lending, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Call us: 405-321-5363. Ready to get started? Apply Now.

Got a Question?

Do you have a question? We can help. Simply fill out the form below and we'll contact you with the answer, with no obligation to you. We guarantee your privacy.

Your Information
Your Question